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Ecological and Sustainable Living Practices In Costa Rica

Posted by Hannah Rico Fletcher on May 24, 2024

In the realm of ecological and sustainable living, few places stand out quite like Costa Rica. This Central American country, renowned for its rich biodiversity and commitment to environmental conservation. It serves as a beacon for those seeking a lifestyle that’s in harmony with nature. Costa Rica’s dedication to preserving its natural beauty is not just a government initiative. It is a way of life ingrained in its people.

Costa Rica exemplifies what it means to live sustainably. The country’s commitment to sustainability goes beyond mere practices; ‘Pura Vida’ is a philosophy that permeates all aspects of life. Whether it’s the food, the houses, or the commute, Costa Ricans have embraced a lifestyle that prioritizes the environment.

Choosing to live sustainably is not just about reducing your carbon footprint, it’s about creating a future where humans and nature can coexist harmoniously. And here, this isn’t just a distant dream, but a tangible reality. Many people choose to adopt this lifestyle in Costa Rica and the opportunity to live in a way that respects and cherishes these natural wonders.

We will delve into the various practices that make Costa Rica a leader in ecological and sustainable living, providing inspiration and practical tips. Whether you’re considering a move to Costa Rica or simply looking for a couple more ways to live more sustainably. This guide will offer valuable insights into the eco-friendly Costa Rican lifestyle. Taking the step to a greener life is easier than you think! Let’s dive into the best practices you can implement in your life.

ecological and sustainable Costa Rica

Renewable Energy Usability

Costa Rica is a global leader in electricity production, generating 100% of its electricity for the country. The country’s commitment to sustainability is evident in its energy production methods, with a significant portion of its electricity generated from renewable sources. However, during long dry seasons, there can be less electricity available. Which can be more expensive or not available for a few hours a day. This is due to the country’s heavy reliance on hydroelectric power. This can be affected by drought conditions, like in 2024.

As an alternative, many residents are turning to solar panels. Solar panels provide a source of energy that, while dependent on sunlight, can offer a sustainable solution. However, keep in mind that weather conditions, especially during Costa Rica’s rainy season, can affect the efficiency of solar panels. But in the rainy season there is always certainty of renewable electricity from hydroelectric power. Despite this, and the high upfront costs of importing and installing solar panels in Costa Rica, the investment can pay off over the long term, providing a sustainable and independent source of energy.

Local Agriculture and Feria Markets

Costa Rica’s commitment to ecological and sustainable living extends to its agricultural practices. The country is known for its sustainable farming methods, which not only contribute to the health of the environment but also produce high-quality, organic products. One of the key aspects of sustainable agriculture in Costa Rica is the emphasis on organic farming. Many farmers in Costa Rica have turned to organic methods, avoiding synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. They instead are using natural methods to enrich the soil and control pests. Another important aspect is the focus on local production and consumption. By growing and consuming local produce, Costa Ricans reduce the carbon footprint associated with transporting food over long distances.

A unique feature of Costa Rica’s sustainable lifestyle is the local “Ferias”, or farmers’ markets. These markets, which typically occur once a week, are where local farmers sell their fresh, organically grown produce directly to consumers. Shopping at a Feria not only supports local farmers but also ensures that consumers are getting the freshest, most sustainable produce. This will help you become more sustainable and support your local small farmer families. Also the prices at the Feria is most times a lot cheaper than in a supermarket.

Eco-Tourism and Sustainable Living in Costa Rica

Costa Rica is renowned for its eco-tourism initiatives. The country’s rich biodiversity, stunning landscapes, and commitment to conservation make it a prime destination for eco-tourism. In Costa Rica, eco-tourism isn’t merely about admiring the natural beauty. It actively involves adopting sustainable practices that can be integrated into daily life. Here are some ways residents and visitors alike can contribute to sustainable living through eco-tourism:

Stay in Eco-Lodges: Costa Rica offers a variety of eco-lodges that are built with sustainable materials and operate in a way that minimizes impact on the environment. Choosing to stay in these lodges not only supports businesses that prioritize sustainability, but also provides a unique opportunity to live close to nature. This could give you inspiration on how to improve you house to be more ecological.

Participate in Conservation Projects: Many eco-tourism activities in Costa Rica include participation in conservation projects. This could be anything from reforestation efforts to wildlife protection programs or going on a sustainable coffee farm tour. Participating in these projects provides a hands-on way to contribute to the preservation of Costa Rica’s unique ecosystems. It also helps you to appreciate the local product and environments you support.

Respect Local Cultures and Traditions: Sustainable living is not just about the environment, but also about supporting local communities. Eco-tourism is encouraged to learn about and respect local cultures and traditions. This can be as simple as buying locally made products or learning about the history and customs of the place. Try to see with an open mind if there is a tradition that could fit in your life or you could take as inspiration.

By trying incorporating these practices into your lifestyle it can contribute more sustainability efforts in your life. Of course you can make it more personal and find what is relevant for your circumstance. We hope this gives you some guidance in finding new ways to incorporate sustainability through eco-tourism.

Eco-Friendly Projects for Existing Homes

For those who already own a home and are looking to adopt a more ecological and sustainable lifestyle, there are plenty of projects you can undertake. One such project could be creating an eco-friendly garden.

An eco-friendly garden can include elements like composting, rainwater harvesting, and planting native species that attract local wildlife. Composting allows you to recycle kitchen waste into nutrient-rich soil for your garden, while rainwater harvesting provides a sustainable water source. Planting native species not only adds beauty to your garden but also supports local biodiversity.

How to Adopt Eco-Friendly Practices by RE/MAX

Adopting an ecological and sustainable lifestyle may seem daunting at first, but it’s all about making small changes that add up over time. Here are some practical tips inspired by practices in Costa Rica:

Start Small: You don’t have to overhaul your entire lifestyle at once. Start with small changes like recycling more, reducing water usage, or switching to energy-efficient appliances.

Educate Yourself: Learn more about sustainability and how your choices impact the environment. The more you know, the easier it will be to make eco-friendly decisions.

Support Local Businesses: Choose to buy from local businesses that prioritize sustainability. This not only supports the local economy but also reduces the carbon footprint associated with shipping goods long distances.

Get Involved: Participate in local conservation efforts or community clean-up events. Not only is this a great way to contribute to your community, but it’s also an opportunity to meet like-minded individuals.

Remember, every little step counts when it comes to sustainability. By adopting even a few of these practices, you can start living a more ecological and sustainable lifestyle, just like in Costa Rica. I know from experience that if you try to change your way of living completely in one time it can feel very overwhelming. That’s why I started with one new step every week until I found after a couple months which things work for me. It helps to try different things to see what improvement could impact your life positively. Everybody is living a different type of life in Costa Rica so find somethings that work for you!


Costa Rica’s commitment to ecological and sustainable living serves as an inspiration for us all. From its use of renewable energy to its sustainable agriculture practices, Costa Rica shows us that living sustainably is not only possible, but also beneficial for our environment, our communities, and ourselves. By adopting some of these practices, we too can contribute to a more sustainable future. I hope with showcasing different ways of how to implement ecological and sustainable living you have found new inspiration.

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